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AI technology and its potential have captured the imaginations of people all over the world.
New incredible ways for making our lives easier using artificial intelligence are being introduced every year, and some of the technological advances that seemed futuristic are now just a few years away from becoming a reality.
But where exactly is AI making the most significant strides?
Let’s look at some of the most incredible advances of AI and explore the progress that has been achieved already.
AI – A Powerful Tool in Medical Treatment
One of the most promising areas of AI implementation is medicine and healthcare – with the help of artificial intelligence, it’s becoming possible to automate and improve a lot of diagnostic and treatment processes, making them more accurate and efficient than ever before.
With the help of AI, it’s becoming possible to collect and analyse every bit of data about a patient and use a wide range of sources to come up with an accurate diagnosis and determine the best course of action regarding treatment.
This means not only the elimination of human errors but also a significant increase in efficiency and speed at which vital decisions can be made, which is especially important in a field like medicine where time sometimes can be the difference between life or death.
And since healthcare and its processes are being digitised and enhanced with technology more and more every year, that makes it easier for AI developers to analyse the data from millions of patients and medical facilities and look for patterns that can help improve diagnostics or treatment.
An excellent example of how artificial intelligence can be applied to medicine is showcased by MIT researchers, who are using artificial intelligence to improve cancer treatment procedures for patients.
With the help of AI, the researchers can study historical patient data to determine the lowest doses and frequencies of the medications that are necessary to achieve results and reduce the size of tumors, helping to control the dosage and reduce the negative side effects of cancer treatments.
Improvements in Manufacturing
Another artificial intelligence area that has been making a huge impact is in manufacturing.
This is an area of business operations where efficiency is essential, so it’s understandable why companies get so excited about implementing AI and robotics technologies to maximise productivity and reduce human errors to a minimum.
With the help of big data and machine learning algorithms, AI is getting close to being able to take over manufacturing processes and making them run at peak performance levels.
A good example of this is the joint partnership of NIMS and the Toyota Technological Institute in Chicago, who have developed a Computer-Aided Material Design (CAMaD) system that can extract information about fabrication processes and material structures and properties, which are all factors that are vital to material design, and then organising and visualising their interrelationships.
In simpler terms, with the help of the system, it becomes possible to summarise thousands of scientific and highly technical articles into a single chart, which can help to expedite and improve material design.
Typically, it would take many hours and a lot of manpower to sort through massive amounts of data and come up with useful insights that can help material design, so the research group was able to utilise AI to read and analyse scientific articles using natural language processing and deep learning technologies, allowing to automate large parts of the process.
AI Impact on Transportation
Transportation is one area that has caused a lot of controversy regarding AI-technology implementation.
On one hand, artificial intelligence can offer a lot of advantages such as improved efficiency, cost-effectiveness, and, in some instances, even safety, as an AI-based transportation model is much more predictable.
However, at the same time, there are plenty of concerns, some of which are valid. Developing a system that would be able to integrate into the often chaotic and unpredictable environment seamlessly can be challenging and even pose security risks on its own, so the progress of actually implementing AI-run transportation systems has been going slowly.
However, it cannot be denied that the enormous potential upside is there, so many companies are heavily invested in overcoming the obstacles and making AI technology in transportation a reality.
But where exactly can artificial intelligence influence and benefit transportation?
Well, here are a few of the key areas:
Traffic Patterns. Controlling traffic flows is one of the biggest challenges faced by urban areas around the world. In fact, traffic congestion costs around $50 billion in the U.S. alone. With the help of AI technology, it can become possible to analyse traffic data and come up with ways to streamline traffic patterns, design better ways to solve the most pressing problems, and reduce congestion.
Pedestrian Safety. Another aspect of traffic modeling is ensuring the safety of pedestrians and cyclists – AI technology can help to decrease accidents caused by human error and improve the overall safety of the roads.
Autonomous Vehicles. Probably the most popular and most widely known application of AI is the self-driving cars – they have been talked about and experimented with for a while now, and while there are still some things that need to be worked out before it can become a more mainstream possibility, the potential is huge.
Some of the benefits include better road safety, reduced emissions, and an overall reduction in costs in a range of industries.
And the truth is, AI-driven cars are already driving today.
A self-driving taxi is already being experimented with in Tokyo and is on track to be fully functional and ready by the 2020 Summer Olympics.
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